In accountancy, depreciation refers to two aspects of the same concept: Businesses depreciate long-term assets for both tax and accounting purposes. The former affects the balance sheet of a business or entity, and the latter affects the net income that they report. Generally the cost is allocated, as depreciation expense, among the periods in which the asset is expected to be used. This expense is recognized by businesses for financial reporting and tax purposes. Methods of computing depreciation, and the periods over which assets are depreciated, may vary between asset types within the same business and may vary for tax purposes. These may be specified by law or accounting standards, which may vary by country. There are several standard methods of computing depreciation expense, including fixed percentage, straight line, and declining balance methods.
Stealing Culture: Azeris Launch Campaign Claiming Armenian Carpets As Their Own
Below is the text of the announcement. Official Azerbaijan, in collusion with members of the private sector close to the Azeri regime, has launched a campaign geared towards appropriating ancient Armenian carpet, rug, and textile weaving traditions and production as their own by generating articles in local and international news outlets, sponsoring exhibits, and publishing art books that portray Armenian woven arts and history, as their own.
Azerbaijan Journal of Economics, Finance and Business , supported and abetted by the Azeri government—a notorious human rights violator—have recently published articles erroneously claiming that what are clearly Armenian carpets and rugs of global renown, from a variety of historic Armenian regions, including the Republics of Armenia and Artsakh Nagorno Karabakh , respectively, are Azeri cultural artifacts and traditions.
Carpet weaving, the most common kind of folk craft, became a symbol of the Azerbaijani people.
There is also the situation of a rug weaver copying a date from an older rug, or in more modern times, intentionally “pre-dating” a rug in order to create an instant antique oriental rug. Much more commonly dates are altered by Oriental rug dealers in order to add age and perceived value.
The exact pattern will vary greatly by original weavers and the different materials used. Prayer rugs’ patterns generally have a niche at the top, which is turned to face Mecca. During prayer the supplicant kneels at the base of the rug and places his or her hands at either side of the niche at the top of the rug, his or her forehead touching the niche.
Typical prayer rug sizes are approximately 2. Carpet with Tree of life, birds, plants, flower and vases Some countries produce textiles with prayer rug patterns for export. Many modern prayer rugs are strictly commercial pieces made in large numbers to sell on an international market or tourist trade. There are many prayer rugs in existence today that have been taken care of for more than years.
Islamic rugs in Protestant Churches[ edit ] Main article: Transylvanian rugs The Saxon Lutheran Churches, parish storerooms and museums of Transylvania safeguard about four hundred Anatolian rugs, dating from the late th to the mid th century. They form the richest and best-preserved corpus of prayer-format rugs of Ottoman period outside Turkey. Until it had the status of an autonomous Principality, maintaining the Christian religion and own administration but paying tribute to the Ottoman Porte.
By contrast, following the Battle of Mohacs in , part of Hungary was designated a Pashalik and was under Turkish occupation for over a century and a half. Rugs came into the ownership of the Reformed Churches, mainly as pious donations from parishioners, benefactors or guilds. In the 16th century, with the coming of the Reformation, the number of figurative images inside the churches was drastically reduced as people followed the ten commandments earnestly:
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Its land mass measures 3, square miles—about two-thirds the area of the state of Connecticut. Although it is considered to be part of the Torrid Zone, the climate of Puerto Rico is more temperate than tropical. The average January temperature on the island is 73 degrees, while the average July temperature is 79 degrees.
Although this isn’t the most reliable method of dating a rug, it does provide a starting point. In the case of braided rugs, Antique Homes reports that many rugs were crafted from old wool clothing. This means that the oldest braided rugs rarely have a distinct pattern/5(14).
Primarily Persia and Afghanistan. As a result, these durable little bags where made with a variety of techniques, but most often brocading, Soumak or weft substitution. Furthermore, not all salt bags have been used for salt, but that label has stuck. True salt bags, tightly woven and made in both flat weave and knotted pile. Sometimes woven across the bottom of the bags, presumably to make them sturdy enough to haul heavy pieces of rock salt. In addition, the industrial name used is Halite.
50 Ways to Live a Longer, Healthier Life
Books are new, unless otherwise specified. Sizes are in centimeters: Credit card orders can be processed via paypal under “The Rug Book Shop” and “enquiries rugbookshop. New books are always arriving, so this is a partial list of items in stock; if you want something not in this catalogue, write; we may have a copy, and are in any case willing to make a note of your interest.
The Turkmen wedding tent in historical context; Atlihan: The archeological evidence for the evidence of weaving and carpets; Batari:
Caucasian rugs of this period are among the great masterpieces of classical or early rug production. In the nineteenth century the Caucasus became a major area of village carpet production for export under official Russian control.
A few cups of java a day might keep the doctor away. Say yes to that extra cup Coffee does more than help you wake up; it also reduces your risk of stroke, diabetes and some cancers. Mind you, a cup is 8 ounces, so your ounce Starbucks grande is really two cups by that measure. Live like the Amish A University of Maryland study found that Amish men live longer than typical Caucasian men in the United States, and both Amish men and women have lower rates of hospitalization.
What are the Amish ways? Lots of physical activity, less smoking and drinking, and a supportive social structure involving family and community. End the day’s eating by 9 p. The study, published in JAMA Internal Medicine, found that mortality rates were lowest overall for pesco-vegetarians those who eat fish occasionally , followed by vegans those who eat no animal products , and lacto-ovo vegetarians those who eat dairy and eggs.
Eat like the Greeks The Mediterranean diet, with its reliance on fruits, vegetables, olive oil, fish and nuts, is one of the healthiest diets for both overall health and longevity. Harvard researchers, reporting in the BMJ in , found that those who followed the diet most closely had longer telomeres, which cap the end of each strand of DNA and protect chromosomes from damage.
Even those who only sporadically followed the diet reaped longevity benefits, researchers found. Nick Ferrari Cutting your portions helps you cut calories, which aids in weight loss and more. Eat less If you want to reach , put down the fork, says Dan Buettner, who studies longevity hot spots around the world, such as Okinawa, Japan.
Buettner found that the oldest Okinawans stop eating when they feel 80 percent full.
50 Ways to Live a Longer, Healthier Life
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My scalp was red and bleeding. I lost a lot of hair. Known as Traction Alopecia, the weight and tension on the wearer’s hair follicles can cause permanent damage and prevent hair regrowth ‘She complained that they gave her headaches and after a while the synthetic locks got matted up.
Caucasian rugs are rugs that come from the countries that comprise the small region of the world called the Caucasus. This region is the birthplace of Caucasian rugs, the vast majority of which are made in the country of Azerbaijan.
Woven[ edit ] The carpet is produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric. The pile can be plush or Berber. Plush carpet is a cut pile and Berber carpet is a loop pile. There are new styles of carpet combining the two styles called cut and loop carpeting. Normally many colored yarns are used and this process is capable of producing intricate patterns from predetermined designs although some limitations apply to certain weaving methods with regard to accuracy of pattern within the carpet.
These carpets are usually the most expensive due to the relatively slow speed of the manufacturing process. These are very famous in Iran, India, Pakistan, and Arabia. A toranj medallion , a common design in Persian carpets These carpets are more technologically advanced. Needle felts are produced by intermingling and felting individual synthetic fibers using barbed and forked needles forming an extremely durable carpet. These carpets are normally found in commercial settings such as hotels and restaurants where there is frequent traffic.
Knotted-pile carpet A traditional rug being woven on a carpet loom On a knotted pile carpet formally, a “supplementary weft cut-loop pile” carpet , the structural weft threads alternate with a supplementary weft that rises at right angles to the surface of the weave. This supplementary weft is attached to the warp by one of three knot types see below , such as shag carpet which was popular in the s, to form the pile or nap of the carpet.
Knotting by hand is most prevalent in oriental rugs and carpets.
Sumiyo Okumura The pile carpet was a necessary household item for people living in Central Asia, where Turks originated. During their migratory life span, nomads wove a variety of woolen textiles such as tents, rugs, kilims flat weaves , felts, coverings, sacks, and satchels, and this activity became an important part of their lives. Turks brought their carpet weaving tradition along with them when they migrated from Central Asia toward the West.
In their carpet designs, they reflected their own lives as influenced by the climatic and geographic conditions to which they were subjected.
Thus, a woven rug date of “” converts like this: Islamic solar date of + = Christian date of Arabic Numerals Used in Dating Rugs. Western-style numerals are in red; three versions of numbers in Arabic calligraphy are illustrated below them. Arabic numerals are read left-to-right, as in the West: thousands, hundreds, tens, ones.
Situated on the Black Sea coast, Sochi is the country’s biggest and most popular summer sea resort and one of the fastest growing winter resorts as well. Its beautiful endless beaches, unique nature and warm healing climate will be an unforgettable experience for you and your family! The climate of the mountainous part of Sochi allows for a full ski season in winter, which makes Sochi one of the world’s most attractive all-year round resorts.
Start your adventure today by contacting us. You will be greeted at the airport by our professional guide and transferred to the hotel in Krasnaya Polyana. In the afternoon Visit of Sky Park Sochi. Catch the incredible feeling while an unforgettable walk along the longest pedestrian suspension bridge in the world. During this sightseeing tour you will see the most popular places of the famous Russian resort: You are sure to admire the palatial building of the Winter Theater erected in being a masterpiece of architecture as it looks like ancient Greek-Roman temple.
The excursion includes the visit to the heart of the resort — Matsesta Spa Complex renowned for its curative mineral springs. Due to its unique balneological factor Sochi has become a resort of the worldwide significance. You will also visit Stalin’s summer residence, which is a “time-travel” into dictator’s epoch wherein everything and especially the atmosphere is still preserved like during his lifetime.
While touring the residence you may order a cup of tea or coffee and relax at the favorite Stalin’s open terrace.
The exact pattern will vary greatly by original weavers and the different materials used. Prayer rugs’ patterns generally have a niche at the top, which is turned to face Mecca. During prayer the supplicant kneels at the base of the rug and places his or her hands at either side of the niche at the top of the rug, his or her forehead touching the niche. Typical prayer rug sizes are approximately 2. Some countries produce textiles with prayer rug patterns for export.
The second edition was reprinted in and went out of print in September Please contact me by e-mail or telephone if you wish to buy a copy. This new book contains a much larger chapter on the Turkmen tribes and extensive up-dating throughout. I have removed the chapter dedicated to the rugs of Anatolia as this is a huge area which I cannot cover in a general book, and the chapter relating to new projects has also been removed.
I have therefore concentrated on the Turkmen tribes, the Baluch and Timuri tribes inhabiting the border-lands of Iran and Afghanistan, the Persian tribes and lastly, the village rugs from the tribes that inhabit the Caucasus. The book is an exploration of one of the most ancient crafts in the world. Beginning with the discovery of the oldest complete rug, which has been dated to the 4th-5th century BC, the reader is taken on a journey through the weaving history of the nomadic peoples of Iran, Afghanistan, The Caucasus and Central Asia.
Twenty chapters will introduce different tribal groups and illustrate the rugs, carpets, kilims and utilitarian dowry bags attributed to their weavers. Tribal Rugs is both a celebration of the woven legacy left by the nomadic tribes and a tribute to the skill and artistry of the women who created these wonderful works of tribal art. I hope that it will provide an introduction for the novice and excite the more knowledgeable to further study.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Uses of rugs and carpets Carpets developed in Central and western Asia as coverings for beaten-earth floors. From time immemorial, carpets covered the floors of house and tent as well as mosque and palace. In the homes of wealthy Eastern families, floor coverings serve an aesthetic as well as a practical function.
There are usually four carpets.
In world of Antique Oriental Rug, “old” is the seller a rug is older, to the buyer the same rug is not so situation comes about for 2 reasons. Firstly, its virtually impossible to pinpoint the exact year in which a rug was made. Therefore, a range is more appropriate.
The beginning of carpet weaving remains unknown, as carpets are subject to use, deterioration, and destruction by insects and rodents. There is little archaeological evidence to support any theory about the origin of the pile-woven carpet. The earliest surviving carpet fragments are spread over a wide geographic area, and a long time span.
The technique of weaving carpets further developed into a technique known as extra-weft wrapping weaving, a technique which produces soumak , and loop woven textiles. Loop weaving is done by pulling the weft strings over a gauge rod, creating loops of thread facing the weaver. The rod is then either removed, leaving the loops closed, or the loops are cut over the protecting rod, resulting in a rug very similar to a genuine pile rug.
It seems likely that knotted-pile carpets have been produced by people who were already familiar with extra-weft wrapping techniques. It would be good if 5 women who weave carpets  were staying with her.
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Parthia, an Iranian civilization situated in the northeast of modern Iran , existed from between B. In classical times, the northern slopes of the Caucasus mountains were inhabited by the Circassians on the west, and the Avars on the east. In between them, the Zygians occupied Zyx, approximately the area covered by north Ossetia, the Balkar, the Ingush and the Chechen republics today. The Zygians were partly nomad shepherds, partly brigands and pirates, for which they had ships specially adapted.
Find great deals on eBay for Caucasian Rug in Medium Antique Carpets and Rugs. Shop with confidence. Find great deals on eBay for Caucasian Rug in Medium Antique Carpets and Rugs. We are experts’ in Hand woven rugs dating from the 16th Century to modern! Halifax Out. Free appraisals and we buy old rugs! all our rugs are hand woven unless.